The ethics of fictionality in history writing

Autores/as

  • Kalle Pihlainen University of Turku

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/prometeica.2021.22.11549

Palabras clave:

Ética de la historia, Ficción, Hayden White, Recepción, Poética de la historia

Resumen

La ficción en la escritura de la historia ha sido considerada durante mucho tiempo como casi sinónimo de abandono de la verdad y de cualquier compromiso ético supuestamente consecuente. Es comprensible que esta actitud haya impedido la aceptación de enfoques teóricos que pretenden, en cambio, revelar la conexión fundamental de los aspectos ficticios de la historia con las preocupaciones éticas. En ninguna parte esto es más evidente que en la recepción de Hayden White, quien, si bien contribuyó decisivamente a defender las semejanzas entre la escritura histórica y la ficción literaria, también ha defendido consistentemente la importancia vital de repensar la ficcionalidad de la historia para que los historiadores puedan trabajar de manera más conscientemente emancipadora y formas éticamente informadas. Este artículo busca mejorar la comprensión de la compleja posición de White en dos aspectos distintos. En primer lugar, ensayando sus argumentos clave en el contexto de su recepción general y demasiado a menudo negativa. Aquí el objetivo principal es dirigir las preocupaciones relativas, sucesivamente, al pretendido textualismo extremo, la presunta negación de la realidad y el supuestamente excesivo formalismo de sus posiciones. Dada la demanda generacional de reiterar estos conceptos básicos, parte de esta discusión puede resultar familiar a lectores para quienes la posición de White ya esté clara. En segundo lugar, el artículo espera contribuir a la continuación del interés en el legado de White al indicar un modo de eludir estas controversias a través de la reconceptualización de los objetivos éticos de White y de la responsabilidad que atribuye a los historiadores. Esto incluye examinar en las lecturas previas la injustificada tensión entre las interpretaciones de los compromisos existencialistas y postestructuralistas de White e identificar el punto en el cual estas superposiciones constituyen su relativismo expresamente motivado por la ética.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Ankersmit, F. (1998). “Hayden White’s appeal to the historians”. History and Theory. 37(2). 182–193.

Ankersmit, F. (2009). “White’s ‘new neo-Kantianism’: Aesthetics, ethics, and politics”. In F. Ankersmit, E. Domańska & H. Kellner (Eds.). Re-figuring Hayden White. Stanford University Press. Stanford. 34–53.

Ball, K. & Domańska, E. (2019). “Hayden White”. In Oxford Bibliographies in Literary and Critical Theory. Retrieved from https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780190221911/obo-9780190221911-0084.xml

Burke, P. (2013). “Metahistory: Before and after”. Rethinking History. 17(4). 437–447.

Carr, D. (1986). “Narrative and the real world: An argument for continuity”. History and Theory 25(2). 117–131.

Chartier, R. (1997). On the edge of the cliff: History, language, and practices. (L. G. Cochrane, Trans). Johns Hopkins. University Press. Baltimore.

Cohen, S. (1993). Academia and the luster of capital. University of Minnesota Press. Minneapolis.

Dean, C. J. (2019). “AHR reappraisal: Metahistory and the resistance to theory” [Review of the book Metahistory: The historical imagination in nineteenth-century Europe. by H. White]. The American Historical Review. 124(4).1337–1350.

Domańska, E. (1998). “Hayden White: Beyond irony”. History and Theory. 37(2). 173–81.

Domańska, E. (2015). “Hayden White and liberation historiography”. Rethinking History. 19(4). 640–650.

Domańska, E., La Greca, M. I. (Eds.). Roth, P. Chen X., Tozzi Thompson, V. & Pihlainen, K. (2019). “Globalizing Hayden White”. Rethinking History. 23(4). 533–581.

Doran, R. (2013a). Editor’s introduction: “Choosing the past: Hayden White and the philosophy of history”. In R. Doran (Ed.). Philosophy of history after Hayden White. Bloomsbury. London. 1–33.

Doran, R. (2013b). “The work of Hayden White I: Mimesis, figuration and the writing of history”. In N. Partner & S. Foot (Eds.). The SAGE handbook of historical theory. Los Angeles. SAGE. CA. 106–118.

Fillion, R. (2019). [Review of the book The work of history: Constructivism and a politics of the past, by K. Pihlainen]. In International Network for Theory of History online reviews. Retrieved from https://www.inth.ugent.be/content/work-history-constructivism-and-politics-past

Friedländer, S. (Ed.). (1992). Probing the limits of representation: Nazism and the “final solution.” Harvard University Press. Cambridge.

Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays. Basic Books. New York.

Ginzburg, C. (1992). Just one witness. In S. Friedländer (Ed.), Probing the limits of representation: Nazism and the “final solution”. Harvard University Press. Cambridge. 82–96.

Himmelfarb, G. (1997). Telling it as you like it: Postmodernist history and the flight from fact. In K. Jenkins (Ed.) The postmodern history reader. Routledge. London. 158¬–174.

Iggers, G. G. (2000). “Historiography between scholarship and poetry: Reflections on Hayden White’s approach to historiography”. Rethinking History. 4(3). 373–390.

Jenkins, K. (1997). The postmodern history reader. Routledge. London.

Jenkins, K. (1999). Why history? Ethics and postmodernity. Routledge. London.

Jenkins, K. (2008). “‘Nobody does it better’: Radical history and Hayden White”. Rethinking History 12(1). 59–74.

Jenkins, K. (2009). “‘Nobody does it better’: Radical history and Hayden White”. In F. Ankersmit, E. Domańska & H. Kellner (Eds.). Re-figuring Hayden White. Stanford University Press. Stanford. 105–123

Kansteiner, W. (1996). “Searching for an audience: The historical profession in the media age – A comment on Arthur Marwick and Hayden White”. Journal of Contemporary History. 31(1). 215–219.

Kansteiner, W. (2000). “Mad history disease contained? Postmodern excess management advice from the UK”. History and Theory. 39(2). 218–229.

Kellner, H. (1980). “A bedrock of order: Hayden White’s linguistic humanism”. History and Theory. 19(4) 1–29.

La Greca, M. I. (2016). “Hayden White and Joan W. Scott’s feminist history: The practical past, the political present and an open future”. Rethinking History. 20(3). 395–413.

Momigliano, A. (1981). “The rhetoric of history and the history of rhetoric: On Hayden White’s tropes”. In E. S. Shaffer (Ed.). Comparative criticism: A yearbook. Vol. 3. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 259–268.

Partner, N. (1998). “Hayden White: The form of the content”. History and Theory. 37(2). 162–172.

Partner, N. (2009). “Narrative persistence: The post-postmodern life of narrative theory”. In F. Ankersmit, E. Domańska & H. Kellner (Eds.) Re-figuring Hayden White. Stanford University Press. 81–104.

Paul, H. (2011). Hayden White: The historical imagination. Polity. Cambridge.

Pihlainen, K. (2013). “The work of Hayden White II: Defamiliarizing narrative”. In N. Partner & S. Foot (Eds.) The SAGE handbook of historical theory. SAGE. Los Angeles. 119–135.

Pihlainen, K. (2017). The work of history: Constructivism and a politics of the past. Routledge. New York.

Pihlainen, K. (2019a). “The possibilities of ‘materiality’ in writing and reading history”. História da Historiografia 12(31). 44–81.

Pihlainen, K. (2019b). “Why call it constructivism if all it does is question?” In E. Domańska & M. I. La Greca (Eds.) Globalizing Hayden White (564–569; 580–581). Rethinking History 23(4). 533–581.

Roberts, D. D. (2013). “Possibilities in ‘a thoroughly historical world’: Missing Hayden White’s missed connections”. History and Theory. 52(2). 265–277.

Roth, P. A. (2019). “What is to be done?” In E. Domańska & M. I. La Greca (Eds.) Globalizing Hayden White. (540–546, 573). Rethinking History. 23(4). 533–581.

Roth, P. A. (2020a). “An audience for history?” [Review of the book The work of history: Constructivism and a politics of the past. by K. Pihlainen]. Journal of the Philosophy of History 14(1). 81–92.

Roth, P. A. (2020b). The philosophical structure of historical explanation. Northwestern University Press. Evanston.

Rüsen, J. (2020). “A turning point in theory of history: The place of Hayden White in the history of metahistory”. History and Theory 59(1), 92–102.

Southgate, B. (1996). “History and metahistory: Marwick versus White”. Journal of Contemporary History 31(1). 209–214.

Southgate, B. (2003). Postmodernism in history: Fear or freedom? Routledge. London.

Spiegel, G. M. (1997). The past as text: The theory and practice of medieval historiography. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore.

Spiegel, G. M. (2013a). “Above, about and beyond the writing of history: A retrospective view of Hayden White's ‘Metahistory’ on the 40th anniversary of its publication”. Rethinking History 17(4). 492–508.

Spiegel, G. M. (2013b). “Rhetorical theory/theoretical rhetoric: Some ambiguities in the reception of Hayden White’s work”. In R. Doran (Ed.) Philosophy of history after Hayden White. Bloomsbury. London. 171–182.

Spiegel, G. M. (2019). “The limits of empiricism: The utility of theory in historical thought and writing”. The Medieval History Journal 22(1). 1–22.

Tozzi, V. (2009). “Figuring the Malvinas war experience: Heuristic and history as an unfulfilled promise” (Moira Pérez, Trans.). In F. Ankersmit, E. Domańska & H. Kellner (Eds.), Re-figuring Hayden White. Stanford University Press. Stanford. 261–281.

Tucker, A. (2001). “The future of the philosophy of historiography”. History and Theory. 40(1). 37–56.

Vann, R. (1998). “The reception of Hayden White”. History and Theory. 37(2). 143–161.

Waites, B. (2011). “In defence of historical realism: A further response to Keith Jenkins”. Rethinking History. 15(3). 319–334.

White, H. (1973). Metahistory: The historical imagination in nineteenth-century Europe. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore.

White, H. (1978). Tropics of discourse: Essays in cultural criticism. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore.

White, H. (1987). The content of the form: Narrative discourse and historical representation. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore.

White, H. (1995). “Response to Arthur Marwick”. Journal of Contemporary History 30(2). 233–246.

White, H. (2000). “An old question raised again: Is historiography art or science?” (Response to Iggers). Rethinking History. 4(3). 391–406.

White, H. (2005a). “Introduction: Historical fiction, fictional history, and historical reality”. Rethinking History. 9(2–3). 147–157.

White, H. (2005b). “The public relevance of historical studies: A reply to Dirk Moses”. History and Theory 44(3). 333–338.

White, H. (2009). “Foreword: The postmodern messenger”. In K. Jenkins, At the limits of history: Essays on theory and practice. Routledge. London. 1–3.

White, H. (2013). Comment. In Robert Doran (Ed.), Philosophy of history after Hayden White. Bloomsbury. London. 209–213.

White, H. (2014). The practical past. Northwestern University Press. Evanston.

White, H. (2017). Foreword. In. K. Pihlainen. The work of history: Constructivism and a politics of the past. Routledge. New York. ix–xii.

Publicado

2020-12-22

Cómo citar

Pihlainen, K. (2020). The ethics of fictionality in history writing. Prometeica - Revista De Filosofía Y Ciencias, (22), 50–64. https://doi.org/10.34024/prometeica.2021.22.11549