Tratamento cardiorrespiratório de pacientes com Síndrome Pós-Poliomielite

  • Marco Orsini Universidade de Vassouras
  • Mauricio Sant’Anna Junior Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de Janeiro
  • Carlos Eduardo Cardoso Universidade de Vassouras
  • Rossano Fiorelli Universidade de Vassouras
  • Stenio Fiorelli Universidade de Vassouras
  • Gisele Roque de Souza Universidade de Vassouras
  • Eduardo Jorge C. da Silva UERJ
  • Adalgiza Mafra Moreno UNIG
  • Acary Silveira Bulle Oliveira Unifesp
  • Adriana Leico Oda Unifesp
  • Marcos RG de Freitas UFRJ
  • Victor Hugo Bastos UFPI
  • Silmar Teixeira UFPI
Palavras-chave: síndrome pós-poliomielite, transtornos respiratórios, reabilitação

Resumo

Objetivo. Síndrome pós-polio (SPP) é uma condição que afeta sobreviventes da poliomielite aguda, anos após a recuperação de um ataque agudo inicial do vírus. Na maioria das vezes, os sobreviventes da polio começam a apresentar nova paresia gradual nos músculos que foram previamente afetados pela infecção. A incidência real de doenças cardiovasculares em indivíduos que sofrem de SPP não é conhecida. Entretanto, há indícios para suspeitar de que sujeitos com SPP podem estar em maior risco. Método. Realizou-se uma busca de artigos nas bases de dados: Bireme, Scielo e Pubmed, utilizando as seguintes palavras-chave: síndrome pós-poliomielite, função cardiorrespiratória e reabilitação, nos idiomas Inglês, Francês e Espanhol. Embora tenhamos selecionado um número expressivo de artigos, somente foram considerados os duplo-cegos, randomizados-controlados, além de consensos. Resultados. Certas características da SPP, tais como fadiga muscular, paresia, dor muscular e/ou articulares podem resultar em descondicionamento por inatividade física, além de obesidade e dislipidemia. Dificuldades respiratórias são comuns e podem resultar em hipoxemia. Conclusão. Somente quando avaliados e tratados em tempo hábil, alguns pacientes são capazes de obter os benefícios do uso dos músculos respiratórios auxiliares em termos de qualidade de vida.

Métricas

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Publicado
2018-10-09
Como Citar
Orsini, M., Sant’Anna Junior, M., Cardoso, C. E., Fiorelli, R., Fiorelli, S., Roque de Souza, G., C. da Silva, E. J., Mafra Moreno, A., Silveira Bulle Oliveira, A., Leico Oda, A., RG de Freitas, M., Bastos, V. H., & Teixeira, S. (2018). Tratamento cardiorrespiratório de pacientes com Síndrome Pós-Poliomielite. Revista Neurociências, 26, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2018.v26.9862
Seção
Artigos de Revisão

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