A cognição espacial e seus distúrbios

o papel do Córtex Parietal Posterior

Autores

  • Tobias Alécio Mattei Membro do Departamento de Neurocirurgia da Faculdade de Medicina da USP. Chefe do Grupo de Pesquisa em Epistemologia e Psicologia Cognitiva do Instituto de Filosofia da USP. Pesquisador do Laboratório de Neurociências e Neurocirurgia Experimental da Faculdade de Medicina da USP
  • Josias Alécio Mattei Especialista em Neuropsicologia e Ciências do Comportamento. Chefe do Grupo Integrado de Pesquisa em Neurologia Clínica e Neurosciências da Universidade Federal do Paraná.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2005.v13.8834

Palavras-chave:

Percepção espacial, Percepção de forma, Cognição, Modalidades sensoriais

Resumo

A cognição espacial corresponde à capacidade de um indivíduo de perceber as relações espaciais entre os objetos bem como de lidar com as noções de profundidade, solidez e distância. Essa capacidade cognitiva está intimamente correlacionada com a percepção espacial, a qual pode ser entendida como o resultado final da organização e integração de diversos estímulos sensoriais de maneira a fornecer à consciência um panorama geral acerca das formas do meio externo entre si e suas relações espaciais. Realizamos, nesse artigo, um resumo das diversas vias sensoriais (visual, tátil, proprioceptiva, auditiva e vestibular) capazes de fornecer elementos para o desenvolvimento da cognição espacial. Ao longo dessa exposição procuraremos elucidar os mecanismos psicológicos inerentes a esse processo bem como suas respectivas bases neurofisiológicas. Será também abordada a importância da Área de Associação Heteromodal do Córtex Parietal Posterior para a cognição espacial. Por último será realizada uma breve discussão acerca das diferentes síndromes que envolvem alguma forma de déficit da cognição espacial

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Publicado

2005-06-30

Como Citar

Mattei, T. A., & Mattei, J. A. (2005). A cognição espacial e seus distúrbios: o papel do Córtex Parietal Posterior. Revista Neurociências, 13(2), 93–99. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2005.v13.8834

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