Métodos de investigação funcional do cérebro e suas implicações na prática da fisioterapia neurológica

Autores

  • Fernando Cesar Iwamoto Marcucci Fisioterapeuta, mestrando em Medicina e Ciências da Saúde/Universidade Estadual de Londrina
  • Samuel Vandresen Filho Fisioterapeuta, mestrando em Neurociências/Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2006.v14.8743

Palavras-chave:

Fisioterapia, Imagem por Ressonância Magnética, Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão, Magnetoencefalografia

Resumo

Os recentes avanços dos métodos de investigação funcional do cérebro têm possibilitado um melhor entendimento das funções corticais, fornecendo uma gama de possibilidades investigativas para a fundamentar a abordagem fisioterápica. A análise destes métodos, como a Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Funcional, a Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons, a Magnetoencefalografia e a Estimulação Magnética Transcranial, podem contribuir na elaboração de estratégias terapêuticas, bem como ser uma fonte de esclarecimento sobre os mecanismos neurofisiológicos envolvidos na recuperação neurológica. O objetivo desta revisão é identificar as informações oriundas destes métodos investigativos que são úteis no desenvolvimento da fisioterapia neurológica, principalmente nos aspectos motores dos pacientes após uma lesão cerebral. Através da capacidade de analisar a atividade cerebral, é possível identificar quais áreas do cérebro são ativadas durante determinados comportamentos, localizar áreas lesionadas e entender melhor o processo de recuperação neural, permitindo determinar uma melhor abordagem terapêutica para os pacientes com lesão neurológicas, verificar uma poss ível recuperação ou remodelação através dos tratamentos físicos e quantificar esta melhora, para além dos aspectos clínicos. Para otimizar o potencial terapêutico e o tempo disponível da terapia é essencial conhecer os avanços teóricos e tecnológicos que permitem compreender os mecanismos fisiológicos subjacentes às teorias de recuperação cerebral.

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Publicado

2006-12-31

Como Citar

Marcucci, F. C. I., & Vandresen Filho, S. (2006). Métodos de investigação funcional do cérebro e suas implicações na prática da fisioterapia neurológica. Revista Neurociências, 14(4), 198–203. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2006.v14.8743

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