Efeito preventivo da fisioterapia na redução da incidência de quedas em pacientes com Doença de Alzheimer

Autores

  • Tetsadê CB Piermartiri Fisioterapeuta, Especialista em Fisioterapia Neuro-funcional, Mestranda em Neurociências da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC).
  • Naaraí Camboim Bezerra Acadêmica do curso de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC).
  • Alexandre Ademar Hoeller Fisioterapeuta, Mestrando em Neurociências da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC).

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2009.v17.8528

Palavras-chave:

Acidente por Quedas, Demência, Doença de Alzheimer, Fisioterapia, Idosos, Prevenção de Acidentes

Resumo

Esta revisão tem como meta proporcionar melhor compreensão do efeito preventivo da intervenção fisioterapêutica para minimizar a ocorrência de quedas em pacientes com Doença de Alzheimer. A Doença de Alzheimer é a principal causa de demência entre pessoas idosas, apresentando nos últimos anos um crescimento rápido do número de acometidos devido ao aumento da expectativa de vida. Embora o paciente portador de Alzheimer apresente em sua fase inicial apenas perdas cognitivas e de linguagem, a evolução progressiva da doença é capaz de gerar um aumento no déficit de equilíbrio, distúrbios na marcha e a possibilidades de ocorrência de quedas. Apesar de alguns estudos apresentarem dados que comprovem o beneficio da fisioterapia em diminuir o risco de quedas, não foi possível chegar a uma conclusão efetiva sobre o efeito preventivo de quedas através da aplicação desta modalidade terapêutica. A pequena quantidade de estudos que enfatizem o tratamento fisioterapêutico sobre a DA, assim como, a padronização de um método fisioterapêutico no tratamento desta doença, faz com que seja necessário o desenvolvimento de novos estudos e diferentes estratégias de prevenção de quedas no tratamento deste grupo de pacientes, almejando minimizar danos motores e prolongar a independência desses pacientes.

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Publicado

2009-12-31

Como Citar

Piermartiri, T. C., Bezerra, N. C., & Hoeller, A. A. (2009). Efeito preventivo da fisioterapia na redução da incidência de quedas em pacientes com Doença de Alzheimer. Revista Neurociências, 17(4), 349–355. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2009.v17.8528

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