Estimulação magnética transcraniana

aplicações na reabilitação de Acidente Vascular Cerebral

  • Sergio Machado Educador Físico, Doutorando, Bolsista Capes, Instituto de Neurociências Aplicadas (INA), Laboratório de Pânico e Respiração (IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Bruna Velasques Psicóloga, Doutoranda, INA, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Flávia Paes Psicóloga, Doutoranda, Laboratório de Pânico e Respiração (IPUB/ UFRJ), Professora da Faculdade de Psicologia do Instituto Brasileiro de Medicina e Reabilitação (IBMR), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Marlo Cunha Educador Físico, Doutor, Professor da Escola de Educação Física do Laboratório de Comportamento Motor da Universidade Federal de Petrolina (UNIVASF), INA, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Luis Basile Médico, Doutor, Professor da Faculdade de Psicologia e Fonoaudiologia (UMESP) e da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Henning Budde Educador Físico, Doutor, Professor do Instituto de Ciências do Esporte, Humboldt University zu Berlin, Berlim – Alemanha.
  • Maurício Cagy Engenheiro Biomédico, Doutor, Professor do Instituto de Saúde Comunitária, Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Roberto Piedade Médico, Doutor, Professor do IPUB/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Pedro Ribeiro Educador Físico, Doutor, Professor da Escola de Educação Física e Desportos (EEFD/UFRJ), e do IPUB/UFRJ, INA, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
Palavras-chave: Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana, Reabilitação

Resumo

A estimulação magnética transcraniana (EMT) foi introduzida há quase 20 anos e desde então tem sido desenvolvido como uma ferramenta sofisticada para a pesquisa em neurociência. É uma excelente técnica que complementa outros métodos não-invasivos para estudar a fisiologia do cérebro humano. O objetivo do presente estudo foi rever os conceitos básicos da técnica EMT repetitiva (EMTr) demonstrando suas reais aplicações na recuperação funcional de pacientes pós-AVC. Vários estudos clínicos têm relatado que as sessões de EMT podem melhorar os déficits motores associados ao AVC. No entanto, uma vez que estas alterações são transitórias, é prematuro propor estas aplicações como opções terapêuticas realista, embora a técnica de EMT mostrou-se, potencialmente um modulador da integração sensório-motora e da reorganização cortical. Trabalhos futuros prometem fornecer valiosos avanços para o estudo da recuperação funcional, e talvez, estabelecer a neuromodulação como opção terapêutica viável à recuperação de funções.

Métricas

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Publicado
2011-06-30
Como Citar
Machado, S., Velasques, B., Paes, F., Cunha, M., Basile, L., Budde, H., Cagy, M., Piedade, R., & Ribeiro, P. (2011). Estimulação magnética transcraniana. Revista Neurociências, 19(2), 339-348. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2011.v19.8381
Seção
Revisão de Literatura