Uma Revisão Sobre a Dominância Manual em Gêmeos

  • Ana Flávia Lima Teles da Hora Psicóloga, Mestre em Teoria e Pesquisa do Comportamento (NTPC) da Universidade Federal do Pará - NTPC/UFPA, Belém-PA, Brasil. Bolsista CNPQ.
  • William Lee Berdel Martin Antropólogo, Doutor em Psicologia e Antropologia Biológica pela University of Illinois (EUA), Professor associado da Universidade Federal do Pará, orientador do NTPC, Belém-PA, Brasil.
Palavras-chave: Gêmeos Monozigóticos, Gêmeos Dizigóticos, Lateralidade Funcional

Resumo

O método de gêmeos tem sido uma possibilidade de se investigar a gênese e o padrão de lateralização do sistema neuromotor, visto que, a comparação entre os gêmeos monozigóticos, considerados genetica­mente idênticos com os gêmeos dizigóticos que compartilham apenas 50% da carga genética, viabiliza a análise da magnitude da influência genética e ambiental. Objetivo. Delinear por meio de uma revisão de dados de estudos com gêmeos as principais teorias que procuram des­crever a organização motora subjacente a dominância manual tanto em destros quanto canhotos em gêmeos monozigóticos e dizigóticos. Método. Foi realizada uma extensa revisão de literatura focada na do­minância manual em gêmeos por meio de consulta em banco de dados das seguintes fontes: COMUTE/BIREME, LILACS, Science Direct, and Cochrane Cogprints. Resultados. Foram selecionados artigos publicados entre os anos de 1970 a 2009. Conclusão. Não há um consenso entre os cientistas sobre a divergência da dominância manual e a prevalência de assimetria do sistema neuromotor. Sem uma descri­ção compreensível e extensiva das expressões fenotípicas derivadas dos grupos, é muito difícil avaliar certas hipóteses alternativas referentes às possíveis variações no padrão de especializações neuromotoras em gêmeos.

Métricas

Carregando métricas...

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Publicado
2012-09-30
Como Citar
Hora, A. F. L. T. da, & Martin, W. L. B. (2012). Uma Revisão Sobre a Dominância Manual em Gêmeos. Revista Neurociências, 20(3), 455-461. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2012.v20.8257
Seção
Revisão de Literatura