Neurofeedback na Reabilitação Neuropsicológica Pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral

  • Maria Flávia Porcaro Muratori Psicóloga Clínica, São João Del Rei – MG, Brasil. Graduada em odontologia pela UFJF (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora); Graduada em Psicologia pela UFSJ (Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei); Pós-graduada em Psicologia Transpessoal pela Faculdade Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte - MG; Formação em Biofeedback / Neurofeedback pela The Learning Curve, Inc.
  • Tânia Maria Porcaro Muratori Psicóloga Clínica, Curitiba – PR, Brasil. Graduada em odontologia pela UFJF (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora); Graduada em Psicologia pela UFJF; Pós-graduada em Psicologia Transpessoal pelas Faculdades Integradas “Espírita” (UNIBEM) de Curitiba-PR; Pós-graduanda em Neurociência pela PUC-PR; Formação em Biofeedback / Neurofeedback pela The Learning Curve, Inc.
Palavras-chave: Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Neurorretroalimentação, Biorretroalimentação, Reabilitação

Resumo

Introdução. Embora ainda subutilizado no Brasil, o neurofeedback constitui uma ferramenta clínica amplamente utilizada nos EUA e na Europa. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar os efeitos do neuro­feedback na reabilitação neuropsicológica de pacientes pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC). Método. Revisão de literatura com publi­cações de 1965 a 2008. Foram incluídas publicações que abordavam os efeitos do neurofeedback como recurso terapêutico, especialmente, na reabilitação cognitiva e psicológica pós-AVC. Resultados. Neuro­feedback ou também chamado eletroencefalograma (EEG) biofeed­back proporciona intervenção direta sobre o cérebro, de maneira não invasiva, obtendo a informação elétrica do cérebro e permitindo que o paciente atue sobre esta de forma consciente. A literatura revisada aponta para a adoção do neurofeedback como uma promissora ferra­menta para o gerenciamento de várias disfunções cognitivas e emo­cionais pós-AVC, a qual parece fornecer benefícios fora do intervalo de tempo em que é esperada uma melhora espontânea. Conclusão. O campo do neurofeedback está se configurando como uma grande promessa para a reabilitação da atenção, processamento da linguagem e memória de trabalho. Os relatórios de estudos de caso têm sido en­corajadores, porém mais pesquisas são necessárias para determinar a eficácia desta abordagem em relação ao quadro clínico e em relação à sua combinação com outras abordagens de reabilitação cognitiva pós- AVC.

Métricas

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Publicado
2012-09-30
Como Citar
Muratori, M. F. P., & Muratori, T. M. P. (2012). Neurofeedback na Reabilitação Neuropsicológica Pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Revista Neurociências, 20(3), 427-436. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2012.v20.8255
Seção
Revisão de Literatura