Simulação Mental de Movimentos

da Teoria à Aplicação na Reabilitação Motora

Autores

  • Aline Furtado Bastos Fisioterapeuta, Mestranda em Ciências Biológicas (Fisiologia) pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Gabriela Guerra Leal Souza Licenciada em Educação Física, Mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Maitê Mello Russo de Souza Licenciada em Educação Física, Doutoranda em Fisiologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro – RJ, Brasil
  • Talita Peixoto Pinto Licenciada em Educação Física, Mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Thiago Thiago Lemos Licenciado em Educação Física, Doutor,Pós-Doutorando do Programa de Neurobiologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
  • Luís Aureliano Imbiriba Licenciado em Educação Física, Doutor, professor adjunto na Escola de Educação Física e Desportos da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2013.v21.8147

Palavras-chave:

Neurofisiologia, Reabilitação, Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Neurociências, Revisão

Resumo

Introdução. A imagética motora (IM) consiste na evocação do plano motor de uma dada ação sem que haja a execução do movimento. Objetivo. Realizar uma revisão e análise crítica sobre a IM, discutin­do as características neurofisiológicas, as diferenças entre as estratégias de simulação e sua aplicação clínica no contexto da reabilitação de pacientes pós-Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC). Método. Busca de artigos indexados pelas bases ISI e Medline, publicados entre 1980 e 2012, nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Discussão. A IM é capaz de levar a ativações cerebrais, fisiológicas e comportamentais semelhantes às ocorridas durante a execução motora. Entretanto, a IM pode ser realizada utilizando duas possíveis estratégias, a cinestésica e a visual, e cada uma delas provoca distintos padrões de ativação cortical. Observou-se que o treinamento com a IM é capaz de gerar ganhos funcionais em pacientes pós-AVC. No entanto, não foi possível pa­dronizar a utilização do protocolo mais adequado, visto que ainda não há um consenso quanto à frequência, duração, a estratégia de IM e a fase da doença mais apropriada para sua aplicação. Conclusão. Apesar dos avanços, ainda há necessidade de mais estudos a fim de determi­nar as diretrizes para a utilização da IM na reabilitação motora e seus benefícios a longo prazo.

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Publicado

2013-12-31

Como Citar

Bastos, A. F., Souza, G. G. L., Souza, M. M. R. de, Pinto, T. P., Lemos, T. T., & Imbiriba, L. A. (2013). Simulação Mental de Movimentos: da Teoria à Aplicação na Reabilitação Motora. Revista Neurociências, 21(4), 604–619. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2013.v21.8147

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##plugins.generic.dates.published## 2013-12-31

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