Efeito do Sabor no Trânsito Oral e Faríngeo de Pacientes com Acidente Vascular Cerebral

Autores

  • Leda Maria Tavares Alves Doctoral Degree by the Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery – FMRPUSP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brasil.
  • Soraia Ramos Cabette Fabio Neurologist of the Department of Neurosciences, Unit of Cerebrovascular Diseases – FMRPUSP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brasil. 3.Associate Professor of Gastroenterology, Department
  • Roberto Oliveira Dantas Associate Professor of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine – FMRPUSP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2014.v22.8114

Palavras-chave:

Disfagia, Deglutição, Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Sabor

Resumo

Objetivo. Avaliar o efeito do sabor na duração do trânsito oral e fa­ringeano de pacientes com Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) e vo­luntários normais. Método. Participaram da investigação 36 pacientes com AVC (44-82 anos, média: 63 anos), ocorrido de 1 mês a 84 meses (mediana: 5,5 meses), e 30 voluntários controles (33-85 anos, média: 59 anos). Foi utilizado a cintilografia para avaliar os trânsitos oral e faringeo. Em sequência aleatória foi ingerido 5 mL de bolo líquido de sabores amargo, azedo, doce e neutro, com 37 MBq de 99mTecnécio li­gado a fitato. Resultados. O trânsito oral foi maior em pacientes com AVC do que nos indivíduos controles, para os sabores doce, amargo e azedo. O trânsito faríngeo e a depuração foram mais longos em pa­cientes com AVC para os gostos doce e amargo. Em ambos os grupos não houve diferença entre os sabores neutro, doce, azedo e amargo. Conclusão. O gosto dos bolos deglutidos testados não alteraram os trânsitos oral e faríngeo de indivíduos normais e de pacientes com AVC.

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Publicado

2014-03-31

Como Citar

Alves, L. M. T., Fabio, S. R. C., & Dantas, R. O. (2014). Efeito do Sabor no Trânsito Oral e Faríngeo de Pacientes com Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Revista Neurociências, 22(1), 17–21. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2014.v22.8114

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