Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua no Tratamento do Acidente Vascular Cerebral

Revisão de Literatura

  • Suellen Marinho Andrade 1.Fisioterapeuta, Pós-Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociência Cognitiva e Comportamento da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa-PB, Brasil.
  • Eliane Araújo de Oliveira Fisioterapeuta, Professora Adjunta do Departamento de Fisioterapia da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa-PB, Brasil.
Palavras-chave: Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Estimulação Elétrica, Revisão

Resumo

Introdução. O Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) é caracterizado por uma lesão vascular, de início súbito, associado a altas taxas de mortali­dade e morbidade em diversos países. Tradicionalmente, recursos far­macológicos e técnicas de reabilitação têm sido empregados para mi­nimizar as incapacidades resultantes. Atualmente, novos tratamentos têm sido propostos, dentre eles, a Estimulação Transcraniana por Cor­rente Contínua (ETCC), técnica de fácil aplicação, barata e associada a poucos efeitos adversos. Objetivo. Este trabalho tem como objetivo revisar estudos relacionados à ETCC e sua aplicação no tratamento do AVC. Método. Revisão bibliográfica, utilizando artigos publica­dos nas bases de dados Cochrane, PubMed, Lilacs e Scielo, de 1990 a 2014, sem restrição de idiomas, com os unitermos stroke e transcra­nial direct current stimulation. Resultados. Foram identificados 62 artigos, sendo 54 considerados relevantes. Os estudos abordaram as especificações técnicas da ETCC, seu emprego como alternativa te­rapêutica eficaz, com implicações positivas para os pacientes, quando comparadas as medidas pré e pós-tratamento, bem como a viabilidade e segurança de sua aplicação. Conclusão. A ETCC pode modular a atividade cortical, estando relacionada a efeitos neuromoduladores e neuroplásticos. Dessa forma, apresenta-se como importante recurso no tratamento das sequelas decorrentes do AVC, estando relacionada à melhoria clínica e funcional destes pacientes.

Métricas

Carregando métricas...

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Publicado
2015-06-30
Como Citar
Andrade, S. M., & Oliveira, E. A. de. (2015). Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua no Tratamento do Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Revista Neurociências, 23(2), 281-290. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2015.v23.8032
Seção
Revisão de Literatura