Prática mental na reabilitação de disfunções neuromotoras: uma revisão integrativa

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2021.v29.11946

Palavras-chave:

Imagética Motora, Prática Mental, Reabilitação, Neurologia

Resumo

Introdução. Nas últimas décadas diferentes ferramentas em neurorreabilitação estão surgindo em detrimento a reabilitação física de pacientes com doenças neuromotoras. Entre essas, a imagética motora através da prática mental, parece promover melhora da performance motora e da funcionalidade em sujeitos com distúrbios neurológicos (p.ex. Acidente Vascular Cerebral, Doença de Parkinson, Esclerose Múltipla etc.). Objetivo. O objetivo do estudo é sintetizar a literatura relevante sobre a aplicabilidade de protocolos de treinamento com prática mental em neurorreabilitação, a fim de facilitar a prática do fisioterapeuta. Método. Para a realização deste estudo foi conduzida uma revisão da literatura do tipo integrativa, utilizando como fonte artigos indexados pelas bases de dados: Pubmed/Medline, Cochrane, Pedro e Scielo. Resultados. Primeiro o conceito de imagética motora é apresentado à luz das evidências. Logo, foram discutidos os parâmetros de avaliação e estratégias para a aplicabilidade da técnica. Em seguida, são analisados os protocolos disponíveis para o treinamento com prática mental em pacientes com disfunções neuromotoras. Conclusão. As evidências apontam a favor do uso da prática mental nas disfunções neuromotoras, sendo os resultados superiores quando combinada com a reabilitação convencional. Devido à grande heterogeneidade na literatura científica disponível, alguns achados são contraditórios e não há consenso sobre os protocolos mais adequados.

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Publicado

2021-10-06

Como Citar

de Paula Aprigio Alves, D., Marques, J. B., Silva, A. P. R. de S. e, & Velasques, B. B. (2021). Prática mental na reabilitação de disfunções neuromotoras: uma revisão integrativa. Revista Neurociências, 29, 1–24. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2021.v29.11946

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Seção

Artigos de Revisão
Recebido em 2021-03-31
Aceito em 2021-09-13
Publicado em 2021-10-06