THE SPIRIT OF FEAR: ROME AND ABSOLUTISM

Autores

  • Adilton Luís Martins Federal University of São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31669/herodoto.v1i1.40

Palavras-chave:

Montesquieu, Roman Republic, Oriental Despotism, Roman Empire, The Spirit of the Laws.

Resumo

This article affirms that Enlightenment philosopher Montesquieu produced a historical and political theory based on the history of Rome. The main focus of this text is the association contained in the idea of a similarity between the Roman Empire and Oriental Despotism. For Montesquieu, corruption destroyed the spirit of freedom and virtue of the Roman Republic and founded an empire based on fear, which is the principle of despotism. The main source of analysis here is the book The spirit of the laws. 

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Biografia do Autor

Adilton Luís Martins, Federal University of São Paulo

Graduate at Filosofia from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (2002) and master's at History from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2007). Has experience in History, focusing on Old and Medieval History, acting on the following subjects: filosofia da história, história antiga, epistemologia da história, filosofia do direito and história do direito moderno.

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Como Citar

Martins, A. L. (2016). THE SPIRIT OF FEAR: ROME AND ABSOLUTISM. Heródoto: Revista Do Grupo De Estudos E Pesquisas Sobre a Antiguidade Clássica E Suas Conexões Afro-asiáticas, 1(1), 195–227. https://doi.org/10.31669/herodoto.v1i1.40