Os efeitos da acupuntura no tratamento da insônia:

revisão sistemática

Autores

  • Reginaldo Carvalho da Silva Filho Fisioterapeuta, Doutorando, Setor de Neuro-Sono das Disciplinas de Neurologia e Medicina de Urgências e Baseada em Evidências da UNIFESP, Coordenador Geral do CIEFATO e do CAPCO.
  • Gilmar Fernandes do Prado Neurologista, Professor Adjunto e Chefe do Setor de Neuro-Sono das Disciplinas de Neurologia e Medicina de Urgências e Baseada em Evidências da UNIFESP.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4181/RNC.2007.15.183

Palavras-chave:

Acupuntura, Terapia por acupuntura, Insônia, Transtornos do sono

Resumo

Introdução. A insônia é uma queixa muito comum e a acupuntu-ra tem sido empregada em seu tratamento por milhares de anos, porém até o momento não dispomos de estudos científicos com evidências que comprovem sua eficácia. Objetivo. Identificar es-tudos clínicos de valor científico sobre os efeitos da acupuntura no tratamento da insônia. Método. Revisão sistemática com busca de artigos nas bases de dados: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Bio- Med Central, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, SciELO, LILACS, ACUBRIEFS e Library of Shandong Unvier-sity of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Foram utilizadas as pala-vras chaves “ACUPUNTURA”, “AURICULAR” e “INSÔNIA”, em inglês, espanhol e francês. Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos, estudos ou séries de casos; com objetivo principal a avaliação do uso da acupuntura no tratamento da insônia; com desfecho a me-lhora, piora ou manutenção da insônia. Foram excluídos artigos sobre queixa diferente da insônia mesmo que relatasse alteração nesta queixa. Resultados. Foram encontrados 180 artigos, 31 pre-encheram os critérios de inclusão. Um total de 3574 pacientes fo-ram analisados, 1359 participaram de dos 11 estudos controlados. Os resultados nos grupos de acupuntura e controle, apareceram respectivamente em 412 (57,46%) e 141 (21,96%) para cura, 264 (36,82%) e 232 (36,14%) para melhora e 41 (5,72%) e 269 (41,90%) para falha. Conclusão. Os resultados encontrados suge-rem que a acupuntura pode ser uma intervenção eficaz para inso-nes, no entanto trabalhos com melhores e mais rigorosos métodos, como ensaios clínicos randomizados, controlados, simples-cego, e com amostras maiores devem ser realizados para determinar melhor a eficácia da acupuntura no tratamento da insônia.

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Publicado

2007-09-30

Como Citar

Silva Filho, R. C. da, & Prado, G. F. do. (2007). Os efeitos da acupuntura no tratamento da insônia:: revisão sistemática. Revista Neurociências, 15(3), 183–189. https://doi.org/10.4181/RNC.2007.15.183

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Recebido em 2019-03-01
Publicado em 2007-09-30

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