Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e Doenças Cardiovasculares

Autores

  • Daniella D. Azzari Campostrini Neurologista, residente de Neurofisiologia Clínica da EPM-UNIFESP, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Lucila B. Fernandes do Prado Neurofisiologista com atuação em Medicina do Sono, Doutora, Setor de Neuro-Sono da Disciplina de Neurologia da EPM-UNIFESP, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Gilmar Fernandes do Prado Neurologista, Doutor, Professor Livre Docente, Setor de Neuro-Sono da Disciplina de Neurologia da EPM-UNIFESP, São Paulo-SP, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2014.v22.8127

Palavras-chave:

Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono, Doenças Cardiovasculares, Hipertensão, insuficiência Cardíaca Congestiva, Doença da Artéria Coronariana, Arritmias Cardíacas

Resumo

Introdução. A Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAOS) é caracterizada por obstrução parcial ou completa da via aérea superior, de forma intermitente e recorrente durante o sono. As principais ma­nifestações durante o sono incluem roncos, pausas respiratórias, frag­mentação do sono, levando a prejuízos diurnos incapacitantes, como sonolência excessiva diurna, alterações cognitivas e cefaléia matinal. Além das manifestações respiratórias clássicas, resulta em alterações metabólicas e hemodinâmicas que predispõem ao desenvolvimento e agravamento de doenças cardiovasculares, tais como hipertensão arterial sistêmica, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, doença arterial coronariana e arritmias. Objetivo. Abordar aspectos clínicos, fisiopa­tológicos e diagnósticos da SAOS, bem como seus efeitos deletérios no sistema cardiovascular. Método. Revisão da literatura acerca da SAOS e suas consequências cardiovasculares através de artigos sele­cionados no PubMed. Conclusão. A apneia obstrutiva do sono e as doenças cardiovasculares têm origem multifatorial e alta prevalência na população mundial. Considerando que as doenças cardiovasculares são a maior causa atual de morbidade e mortalidade no mundo, a determinação de fatores de risco possíveis de controle e tratamento, como a SAOS, torna-se fundamental para prevenção e tratamento das doenças cardiovasculares.

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2014-03-31

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Campostrini, D. D. A., Prado, L. B. F. do, & Prado, G. F. do. (2014). Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e Doenças Cardiovasculares. Revista Neurociências, 22(1), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.34024/rnc.2014.v22.8127

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