Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering <p>Journal of Science &amp; Sustainable Engineering (JSSE) is a peer-reviewed, non-profit and continuous publication journal sponsored by the Federal University of Sao Paulo (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP). JSSE aims to disseminate scientific and technological knowledge of engineering applied to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).</p> <p>JSSE covers the following disciplines: energy engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, materials science, marine engineering, mechanical engineering, interdisciplinary sciences involving more than one of these disciplines.</p> <p>Studies involving: renewable energy, clean production, clean fuels, applied materials (applied to energy, environment, applied pollution (impact and remediation), bioprocesses, engineering applied to sustainability, and circular economy, are welcome.</p> <p>JSSE accepts short communications, full papers, review papers, opinion letters (regarding a relevant and current topic), and articles based on university extension actions (in areas directly related to the topics of this journal).</p> <p>Articles previously published elsewhere cannot be submitted to the journal. The team Editor is responsible for the decision for acceptance for publication. This decision is based on the recommendations of ad hoc referees (blind-peer review).</p> <p><strong>Periodicity:</strong> continuous publication, which means that after being peer-reviewed and accepted, the article will be published online (after the proof-editing process).</p> <p><strong>Article Processing Charges (APC</strong>): no cost. </p> <p><strong>ISSN </strong><strong>2965-4505</strong></p> Universidade Federal de São Paulo en-US Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2965-4505 Green hydrogen Production from the oxidative reform of clean biogas over Ni/MgO-Nb2O5 catalysts <p>Synthesis gas has a variety of applications ranging from its transformation into Fischer-Tropsch fuels, its processing to produce pure hydrogen, and even its direct combustion to generate energy, among many other applications. The objective of this work was the conversion of a model of biogas (clean biogas) into synthesis gas, H<sub>2</sub> /CO, through oxidative reforming of methane over NiO/MgO/Nb<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> catalysts. The catalysts in this work were prepared by impregnation and calcination (at 750ºC) and subsequently characterized by Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Nitrogen Adsorption-Desorption (BET method) and Temperature Programmed Reduction with H2 (TPR). Finally, these catalysts were tested in the oxidative reform of methane (molar ratio of 1.5CH<sub>4</sub>:1CO<sub>2</sub>:0.25O<sub>2</sub>) at 750 ºC, 100mg of catalyst at a total flow of&nbsp; 110 mL.min<sup>-1</sup>, and 1 atm (inside the reactor). According to the results, it was verified that the catalyst composed of the NiO/MgO mixture is composed of the NiO-MgO solid solution, whereas the NiO/MgO/Nb<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> catalysts are also formed by nickel niobate (NiNb<sub>2</sub>O<sub>6</sub>). All catalysts showed catalytic activity in the oxidative form of biogas,&nbsp; NiMg, Ni60NbMg, and Ni40NbMg catalysts showed the highest conversion value. The efficiency of the catalysts in the oxidative reforming of biogas improved gradually as the %MgO increased in the NiO/MgO/Nb<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> system. The characterization of the catalyst after the reaction demonstrated that the carbon formed is of the filamentous type.</p> Yvan Jesus Olortiga Asencios Elisabete M. Assaf Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2023-11-13 2023-11-13 1 1 10 10 10.34024/jsse.2023.v1.15904 Innovations for the Treatment of Effluents in the Food Industry <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;">During the processing phases of the food business, a large amount of water is used, resulting in a large volume of effluents. Raw materials, sanitary water for food processing, transportation, cooking, dissolving, auxiliary water, cooling, cleaning, and so on are all utilized extensively in the business. Traditional anaerobic or aerobic biological wastewater treatment processes can be employed to handle organic compounds found in food sector effluent. However, some hazardous chemicals to a microbial population may be present in the effluent due to varied consumption. The effluent may contain significant levels of suspended particles, nitrogen in various chemical forms, lipids, oils, phosphorus, chlorides, and high organic content. There are traditional and well-established methods for treating effluents in the food industry, such as the coagulation-flocculation process, electrochemical processes, and biological processes, which have proven to be quite effective when used as treatment methods in a variety of industries; however, such methods have limitations. Innovative techniques, such as microbial fuel cells (MFCs), microalgae, water ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and membrane technologies, can replace or complement traditional methods in the future. The treatment method chosen will be determined by the industry's and its wastewater's characteristics.</span></p> Luiza Helena da Silva Martins Andrea Komesu Sabrina Baleixo da Silva Ali Hassan Khalid Eduardo Dellosso Penteado Johnatt Allan Rocha de Oliveira Camilo Barroso Teixeira Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2023-08-03 2023-08-03 1 1 10.34024/jsse.2023.v1.15461 Influence of Chemical Cleaning Procedures and Thermal Oxidation Processes on the Uniformity of MOS Gate Oxides on Abrupt Steps on Silicon Surfaces <p>This work analyzes the influence of some chemical steps used in standard cleaning recipes on the surface micro-roughness of silicon wafers. The effect of varying the ammonium hydroxide concentration in the NH<sub>4</sub>OH: H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>:H<sub>2</sub>O solution was studied and silicon wafer micro-roughness was characterized by atomic force microscopy technique at different scans of 1µmx1µm. Based on the results, it was possible to point the condition to obtain low surface micro-roughness for NH<sub>4</sub>OH-based solutions with the lowest NH<sub>4</sub>OH content before the growth of gate oxides. Following, it silicon-oxide thin films were grown onto periodic rectangular shapes, 100 nm in height, obtained by localized plasma etching on silicon wafer surfaces. Silicon oxides (SiO<sub>2</sub>), about 4.5 nm thick, were grown in ultrapure dry-O<sub>2</sub> or pyrogenic (O<sub>2</sub> + H<sub>2</sub>) environments in order to compare the planar uniformity and the grade of coverage at the step edges of rectangular shapes defined onto silicon surfaces. Pyrogenic and conventional oxidation at 850 <sup>o</sup>C allowed one to obtain gate oxides on 100 nm-stepped silicon surfaces with high dielectric breakdown field (&gt;10 MV/cm), good planar uniformity and conformal coverage at the step edges. The impact of this result is now the feasibility of fabricating good-quality gate oxides for surrounding gate transistors (SGT’s) and texturized MOS solar cells.</p> R. Souza W.A. Nogueira S.G. dos Santos Filho Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2023-08-03 2023-08-03 1 1 10.34024/jsse.2023.v1.15261 Microbial Degradation of Heterocycles- A Review <p>Heterocycles are organic compounds that are well-known and distributed in nature; they can be used in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and chemical industries. Heterocycles composed of sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms are harmful toxins and can cause cancers; these substances can persist for years in the environment. One attractive alternative to expensive physical and chemical methods is microbial degradations, which present high potential and low cost, causing minimal environmental impacts. The use of these microorganisms makes use of heterocyclic substances as substrates, removing them efficiently and safely. Some strains of wild and genetically modified microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) have already been used to degrade various pesticides and aromatic compounds. Understanding the biodegradation mechanism of microorganisms will benefit future bioremediation studies, which may prove to be one of the alternatives to solving environmental problems. This review will focus on the microbial degradation of heterocyclic compounds, taking into account the most used techniques and their limitations in future research</p> Luiza Helena da Silva Martins Jhonatas Rodrigues Barbosa Sabrina Baleixo da Silva Paulo Wender Portal Gomes Andrea Komesu Glauce Vasconcelos da Silva Pereira Rafaela Cristina Barata Alves Carissa Michelle Goltara Bichara Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2023-08-03 2023-08-03 1 1 10.34024/jsse.2023.v1.15462 Waste treatment and Sustainable Bioelectricity Generation using Microbial fuel cell <p class="Abstract"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">In the last decade, great attentions have been paid to microbial fuel cells (MFC) due to the possibility to be the solution for the three bigger world project – energy security, climate changes and waste management. Different from all the conventional wastewater treatment which are energy intensive, MFC can use waste as substrate/fuel to directly generate electricity through microbial reactions in anode and microbial/enzymatic/abiotic electrochemical reactions in cathode. In this sense, the MFC is an emerging technology for treat waste and produce wealth products (energy and some added value substance – organic acids, nutrients). Although, there are a large number of research in new materials and operational conditional to improve the MFC performance, as yet there are practical barriers, such as low power generation, expensive electrode materials and the inability to scale up MFC. Therefore, this work <a name="_Hlk141735135"></a>summarizes information about the recent advances in MFC research, focused on MFC configurations, material electrodes, and performances. Limitations and challenges in applying MFC to treat waste are also discussed, moreover future perspective pointed the new hot topics to solve these problems.</span></p> Tomas Rebequi Yasmim Pio Carolina Ferreira Andrade Penteado Luiza Helena da Silva Martins Anthony Andrey Ramalho Diniz Andrea Komesu Eduardo Dellosso Penteado Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Science & Sustainable Engineering 2023-08-03 2023-08-03 1 1 10.34024/jsse.2023.v1.15460