“Nosso Maior Mestre”:

Nietzsche, Burckhardt e o conceito de cultura

  • Duncan Large Professor de filosofia alemã na Universidade de Wales Swansea, Grã Bretanha.
Palavras-chave: história, educação, cultura, filosofia alemã

Resumo

O presente artigo visa a discutir e analisar em profundidade aspectos essenciais da relação entre Nietzsche e Burckhardt. Sob o influxo de textos fundamentais e correspondências notadamente reveladoras, busca-se fazer um balanço crítico do panorama intelectual em torno do qual Nietzsche e Burckhardt orbitavam para, a partir de um contramovimento em relação ao modelo tradicional de educação, trazer à plena luz uma concepção de cultura radicalmente inovadora.

Referências

BREAZEALE, Daniel “Becoming Who One Is: Notes on Schopenhauer as Educator”. in New Nietzsche Studies 2:3/4, verão de 1998.

BURCKHARDT, Jacob. Gesammelte Werk. ed. Max Burckhardt, 10 vols., Basiléia, Schwabe, 1955-9.

_______. Briefe. ed. Max Burckhardt, 10 vols., Basiléia,Schwabe, 1949-86.

_______. The Letters of Jacob Burckhardt. ed. e trad. Alexander Dru, Nova Iorque, Pantheon Books, 1955.

_______. The Greeks and Greek Civilization. ed. Oswyn Murray, trad. Sheila Stern, Londres: Harper Collins; Nova Iorque:St Martin’s Press, 1998.

_______. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, tr. S. G. C. Middlemore, 3° ed., Londres, Phaidon, 1995.

DERRIDA, Jacques. “Otobiographies: The Teaching of Nietzsche and the Politics of the Proper Name”, trad. Avital Ronell, in The Ear of the Other: Otobiography, Transference, Translation, Lincoln/Londres, University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

_______. “Envois”, in The Post Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond, trad. Alan Bass, Chicago/Londres, University of Chicago Press, 1987.

GILMAN, Sander L. (ed.). Conversations with Nietzsche: A Life in the Words of His Contemporaries, tr. David J. Parent, Nova Iorque/Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1987.

HALÉVY, Daniel. Nietzsche, ed. Georges-Arthur Goldschimidt, Paris, Le Livre de Poche, 1977.

HELLER, Erich “Burckhardt and Nietzsche”. in The Importance of Nietzsche: Ten Essays, Chicago/Londres, University of Chicago Press, 1988.

HOLLINGDALE, R. J. Nietzsche: The Man and His Philosophy. Londres/Boston/Henley, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985.

JANZ, Curt Paul. Friedrich Nietzsche: Biographie. 3 vols, Munique/Viena, Hanser, 1978-9.

KOFMAN, Sarah “Le/les concept(s) de ‘culture’ dans les Intempestives ou la double dissimulation”, in Nietzsche et la scène philosophique, Paris, U.G.E., 1979.

_______. “Explosion I: Of Nietzsche’s Ecce Homo”, tr. Duncan Large, in Diacritics 24:4, inverno de 1994.

_______. Explosion I: De l’ “Ecce Homo” de Nietzsche, Paris, Galilée, 1992.

_______. “Accessories (Ecce Homo, ‘Why I Write Such Good Books’, ‘The Untimelies’, 3)”, tr. Duncan Large, in Nietzsche: A Critical Reader, ed. Peter R. Sedgwick, Oxford/Cambridge/MA, Blackwell, 1995.

KRELL, David Farell. Infectious Nietzsche. Bloomington/Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1996.

LARGE, Duncan. “Nietzsche’s Shakespearen Figures”, in Why Nietzsche Still? Reflections on Drama, Culture, and Politics, ed. Alan D. Schrift, Berkeley/Los Angeles/Londres, University of California Press, 1999.

_______. “Hermes contra Dionysus: Michel Serres’s Critique of Nietzsche”, in Nietzsche and the Sciences, II: Nietzsche, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science, ed. Babette E. Babich e Robert S. Cohen, Dordrecht/Boston/Londres, Kluwer, 1999.

_______. “Nietzsche’s Helmbrecht; or, How to Philosophise with a Ploughshare”. in Journal of Nietzsche Studies 13, primavera de 1997, 3-22.

LAURENCE, Lampert. “Nietzsche’s Best Jokes”, in Nietzsche’s Futures, ed. John Lippitt. Basingstoke: Macmillan/ Nova Iorque, St Marin’s Press, 1999.

LÖWITH, Karl. Jacob Burckhardt: Der Mensch inmitten der Geschichte. Lucerna, Vita Nova, 1936.

MONTINARI, Mazzino. “Enlightenment and revolution: Nietzsche and Late Goehte”, trad. Duncan Large, in Journal of Nietzsche Studies 13, primavera de 1997.

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. Sämtliche Werke – Kritische Studienausgabe. Edição organizada por Giorgio Colli e Mazzino Montinari, 15 vols., Berlim/Munique, Walter de Gruyter & Co./Dtv, 1980.

_______. Sämtliche Briefe. Kritische Studienausgabe, Edição organizada por Giorgio Colli e Mazzino Montinari, 8 vols., Berlim/Munique, Walter de Gruyter & Co./Dtv, 1986.

_______. Selected Letters of Friedrich Nietzsche, ed. e trad. Christopher Middleton, Chicago/Londres, University of Chicago Press, 1969.

_______. Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer. trad. Duncan Large, Oxford/Nova Iorque, Oxford University Press, 1998.29. _______. Ecce Homo: How One Becomes What One Is. trad. R. J. Hollingdale, 2° ed., Harmondsworth/Nova Iorque, Penguin, 1992.

_______. “Assorted Opinions and Maxims”, in Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits, trad. R. J. Hollingdale, Cambridge/Nova Iorque, Cambridge University Press, 1986.

_______. “David Strauss, The confessor and the Writer”, in Untimely Meditations, trad. R. J. Hollingdale, Cambridge/Nova Iorque, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

_______. “On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life”, in Untimely Meditations, trad. R. J. Hollingdale, Cambridge/Nova Iorque, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

_______. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for Everyone and No One. trad. R. J. Hollingdale, Harmondsworth/Nova Iorque, Penguin, 1961.

_______. Philosophy and Truth: Selections from Nietzsche’s Notebooks of the Early 1870’s, ed. e trad. Daniel Breazeale, 2° ed., Atlantic Highlands/NJ/Londres, Humanities Press International, 1990.

OEHLER, Max (ed.) Nietzsche Bibliothek. Weimar, Gesellschaft der Freund des Nietzsche-Archivs, 1942.

PEARSON, Keith Ansell. Viroid Life: Perspectives on Nietzsche and the Transhuman Condition. Londres/Nova Iorque, Routledge, 1997.

SCHACHT, Richard “Nietzsche’s First Manifesto: On Schopenhauer as Educator”. in Making Sense of Nietzsche: Reflections Timely and Untimely, Urbana/Chicago, University of Illinois Press, 1995.38. SHAPIRO, Gary. Nietzschean Narratives. Bloomington/Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1989.

TREVOR-ROPER, Hugh. “Jacob Burckhardt”, Proceedings of the British Academy, London 70, 1984.

VALADIER, Paul. “Dionysus versus the Crucified”. in The New Nietzsche: Contemporary Styles of Interpretation, ed. David B. Allison, 2° ed., Cambridge/ MA/Londres, MIT Press, 1985.

VERRECHIA, Anacleto. La catastrofe di Nietzsche a Torino. Turim, Einaudi, 1978.

YOVEL, Yirmiyahu. Dark Riddle: Hegel, Nietzsche, and the Jews. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press; Oxford: Polity Press, 1998.

Publicado
2019-03-06
Edição
Seção
Artigos Originais