Nietzsche e Hume

naturalismo e explicação

  • P. J. Kail Professor da Universidade de Oxford, Oxford, Inglaterra
Palavras-chave: naturalismo, explicação, causação

Resumo

O objetivo deste ensaio é oferecer uma caracterização geral do naturalismo compartilhado por Hume e Nietzsche e tratar de dois temas a ele relacionados. O primeiro deles diz respeito ao ceticismo acerca da causação. Aqui há à primeira vista uma dificuldade. Um aspecto comum ao naturalismo de ambos é o fato de que ele envolve tentativas de explicar, e explicar em termos causais, todo um leque de fenômenos recorrendo a elementos mais básicos. Ambos, entretanto, parecem ser céticos quanto à própria causação, questionando suas pretensões explicativas. O autor pretende mostrar que para ambos os pensadores não há nenhuma tensão genuína quanto a este aspecto. O segundo tema abordado no artigo diz respeito tanto à natureza das explicações que ambos oferecem para diversos tipos de fenômenos quanto às implicações filosóficas destas explicações.

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Publicado
2019-03-06
Seção
Artigos Originais